The Belt Colours and their meanings


Signifies innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Tae Kwon-Do.


Signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts root as the Tae Kwon-Do foundation is being laid.


Signifies the plant's growth, as Tae Kwon-Do skills begin to develop.


Signifies heaven, toward which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Tae Kwon-Do progresses.


Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.


Opposite to white, therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in Tae Kwon-Do. Also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear

Source: Chang Moo Kwan, the Jong No YMCA in Seoul, Korea on November 3, 1948.

The following are the Kwan name and their number:

Kwan 1:   Song Moo Kwan     Founders:Chun Jung Woong
Kwan 2:   Han Moo Kwan       Founders: Lee Kyo Yoon
Kwan 3:   Chang Moo Kwan   Founders:Yoon Bung In Lee Nam Suk Kim Soon Bae
Kwan 4:   Moo Duk Kwan       Founders:Choi Nam Do,  Hwang Kee - HONG Jong Soo
Kwan 5:   Oh Do Kwan            Founders:Kwak Byung Oh,  Choi Hong Hee
Kwan 6:   Kang Duk Won        Founders:PARK Chul Hee, Lee Kum Hong
Kwan 7:   Jung Do Kwan        Founders:Lee Yong Woo
Kwan 8:   Jidokwan                Founders: YOON Kwe Byung - HYUN Jong Myun,  Lee Chong Woo
Kwan 9:   Chung Do Kwan      Founders:Lee Won Kuk - UHM Woon Kyu

Kwan 10: Kwan Ri Kwan        Founders: Kim In Suk

The 9 Kwans :


Downloads (click on the item you wish to view, it will open in a PDF that can then be saved to your hard drive)

Tying your belt

Mantkd Grading Manual

Grading procedure (new content)

Poomsae Korean terminogy step by step

British Taekwondo competition rules

Poomsae competition coordinator commands and hand signals

One step techniques

Approved Equipment list

Grading application form


Master your terminilogy with these quizzes, copy and paste the code, click on the link and play.

Taekwondo quiz can be done mulitple times, however only once for grading quizzes:

Practice Taekwondo quiz: 151705

White to Yellow belts:

Yellow to green belts:

Green to Blue belts:

Blue to Red belts:

Red to Black:




Training Clips and drills:

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